The Black Swan of Carbon Pricing

“Climate change is perhaps the gravest calamity our species has ever encountered. It makes genocide and ethnic cleansing look like sideshows at the circus of human suffering.”

– George Minbiot, environmental activist and the Guardian columnist

The essence of climate change dilemma is freeloading: carbon dioxide (CO2) inflicts great damage across the world, but the emitting countries shoulder only a marginal portion of the costs incurred. As a result, emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) in 2012 has increased to 149% compared to 1990’s levels, when the Kyoto Protocol envisioned to decrease the carbon emission at least by 5% within 2012. To offset the carbon emission, Enron and Goldman Sachs developed a pricing mechanism under a carbon trading market. Almost 40 countries and more than 20 cities around the world are already using or planning to adopt this carbon pricing mechanism.

While in theory, carbon pricing makes carbon more expensive to produce through tax and Cap & Trade mechanism, how effective is it in practice in reducing CO2 emission to the targeted level?

While carbon tax is the levy imposed on corporate polluters to buy fossil fuels, i.e., coal or natural gas; these companies in reality pass the cost onto their clients and customers. Under the Cap & Trade pricing, obliging countries and corporations have a ceiling for carbon generation. However, the industrialized countries can trade-off the excessive amount with countries with lesser emissions. This process is rather making heavy industries, i.e., electricity generation, cement, fertilizer, iron & steel and so forth delay investing in clean energy by buying cheap carbon footprint from somebody else. Alternatively, these corporations can also cover their emission by investing in CO2 reducing measures in factories (i.e., a tree plantation CSR agency or a windmill firm) located in the developing countries. These measures amount to relocating the CO2 in the same planet relatively easily and pretending to still achieve the climate action goals! The EU carbon trading system, upon lots of consultation with industries, is sanctioning more carbon rights to the participating industries than their current pollution levels.

The fundamental and structural changes required to shift from fossil fuel to clean energy need political consensus, business reorientation and certainly more expense down the line. If we truly intend to avoid the apocalyptic turnout of climate change and repair the damaged earth, this is the minimum bounty we have to pay. Meanwhile, carbon pricing cannot be the silver bullet to the existing climate change action. The Bali Conference, COP21 (Paris Agreement) and the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) also reiterate the urgency by emphasizing on rudimentary incentives such as subsidy shifting from fossil fuels to clean energies, R&D in alternative energies, and synchronized agenda for different political movements. Moreover, transparency and reciprocity within intergovernmental dialogues should also be ensured before climate change becomes another issue of political struggle and ends with hollow victory statements.

How Do You Dispose of Healthcare Waste?

Whether you run a hospital, a general practitioner surgery, a pharmacy or a laboratory, you have to deal with healthcare waste.

This includes expired pharmaceuticals, bags and vials containing traces of toxic drugs, spilled liquids and contaminated body tissues or fluids. In addition, healthcare waste can include the waste produced in the course of healthcare procedures undertaken by patients at home (dialysis, insulin injections, etc.).

About 10-25% of healthcare waste is regarded as hazardous and may create a variety of health risks. Disposing of pharmaceutical and other chemical waste such as lab waste can be highly problematic.

Healthcare waste can be classified in:

• Infectious waste. Any waste that is suspected to contain pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi) in sufficient concentration or quantity to cause disease, such as cultures and stocks of infectious agents from laboratory work, waste from surgery and autopsies on patients with infectious diseases, waste from infected patients in isolation wards and infected animals from laboratories.

• Pathological waste. It consists of tissues, organs, body parts, human foetuses and animal carcasses, blood, and body fluids. Within this category, recognizable human or animal body parts are also called anatomical waste.

• Sharps. These are items that could cause cuts or puncture wounds, including needles, hypodermic needles, scalpel and other blades, knives, infusion sets, saws, broken glass, and nails. Whether or not they are infected, such items are usually considered as highly hazardous waste.

• Pharmaceutical waste. This includes expired, unused, spilt, and/or contaminated medicines, drugs and vaccines that are no longer required and need to be disposed of appropriately. The category also includes discarded items used in the handling of pharmaceuticals, such as bottles or boxes with residues, gloves, masks, connecting tubing, and drug vials.

• Genotoxic waste. This type of waste is highly hazardous and may have mutagenic or carcinogenic properties. It raises serious safety problems, both inside hospitals or practices and also after disposal. Genotoxic waste may include certain drugs used in chemotherapy or body fluids containing chemicals and radioactive residues.

• Chemical waste. Waste in this category consists of discarded solid, liquid, and gaseous chemicals, for example from diagnostic and experimental work and from cleaning, housekeeping, and disinfecting procedures. Chemical waste is considered to be hazardous if it is toxic, corrosive, flammable or reactive in any way.

• Radioactive waste. This includes solid, liquid, and gaseous materials contaminated with radionuclides. It is produced as a result of procedures such as in-vitro analysis of body tissue and fluid, in-vivo organ imaging and tumour localization, and various investigative and therapeutic practices.

It is important that all healthcare waste is safely disposed of to avoid any possible negative impact on the environment and on the public safety.

One of the biggest challenges of managing healthcare waste is that this type of waste contains potentially harmful microorganisms that can infect hospital patients, health workers and the general public.

Other potential hazards may include drug-resistant microorganisms which spread from health facilities into the environment. The disposal of untreated healthcare wastes in landfills can lead to the contamination of drinking, surface and ground waters.

For all these reasons, management of healthcare waste requires special attention and diligence.

These are the most important steps to follow:

1. Reduce the volume of wastes generated and ensure proper hazardous waste segregation. Waste can be minimised by careful stock keeping. For example, you can keep a record of the amount of each pharmaceutical product that is needed and avoid ordering too much. Establish a “first in first out” system, so that the packages which are going to expire first are used first. Wherever possible, try to negotiate take-back agreements with suppliers, whereby the suppliers accept and dispose of pharmaceuticals that you cannot use. The key to effective management of healthcare waste is segregation (separation) and identification of the waste. Appropriate handling, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste by type reduces costs and helps protect public health. Segregation should always be the responsibility of the waste producer, it should take place as close as possible to where the waste is generated, and it should be maintained in storage areas and during transport.

2. Ensure proper hazardous waste transportation Before transportation of the waste, dispatch documents should be completed, all arrangements should be made between the waste producer, carrier and treatment facility. Vehicles or containers used for the transportation of healthcare waste should not be used for the transportation of any other material. They should be kept locked at all times, except when loading and unloading. Articulated or demountable trailers (temperature-controlled if required) are particularly suitable, as they can easily be left at the site of waste production. Other systems may be used, such as specially designed large containers or skips; however, open-topped skips or containers should never be used for transporting health-care waste.

3. Choose a safe and environmentally compatible treatment of hazardous healthcare waste In recent years, many waste brokering companies have sprung up subcontracting their customers waste to the cheapest bidder, often with no idea if in fact these contractors are licensed to handle such materials. If in doubt please do contact the Environment Agency who will be able to tell you if the company has the correct licensing. As well as the obvious dangers to human health, as the producer of the waste, it is your legal responsibility to ensure correct disposal and avoid prosecution.

All Waste Matters offer specialist chemical and laboratory waste disposal services to an extensive client base throughout the UK.

We started out as a lab waste disposal service for commercial labs but we have now extended our services nationwide to a large customer base of laboratories and health practices.

From our fully licensed waste management facility site in Kent, we can offer a tailored hazardous waste disposal and collection service of any unwanted chemicals and laboratory waste.

What Is The Meaning of Residential And Residential Feng Shui ?

What is the meaning of Residential and residential Feng Shui? According to the “house by the Yellow Emperor” upload: “those people of the house, people to house their home. The security on behalf of the Jichang; if disturbing, that the decline of the door family.” People often say that the housing is fixed to occupy certain land and space, with a comprehensive consumption function, for individuals and families living, and the space for the provision of material reproduction of the labor and population structure. In daily life, people used to take the house as housing, which is the people’s living space, housing for people with daily life inside the functions and facilities.

The pursuit of life of ordinary people in China is “heaven and earth parents, basic necessities of life”. So after many years of economic development, it has enabled us to live a fear of abject poverty, which is about to lead a happy life. But we can not expect the problem of the house will be most concerned top priority of the people. Parents need a “nursery”, the children need a “good study,” elderly people need a “comfort zone”, youth need a “newlywed nest.” Even if we do not boast about the living environment, which can be considered a safe haven for themselves,and is “no place better than his own kennel.” How to select, obtain a good wind good luck in the pits of water plus it? This is what we need to take seriously the problem.

Housing is frozen music and a silent language. The residential pattern shows the wisdom of human adaptation to the environment. A good home is the pursuit of human culture for thousands of years. Whether the construction of private homes, or real estate project development, or for urban planning and construction, if we can focus on scientific research and application of Feng Shui, we will be able to achieve satisfactory results in the construction process, which can also make people have a kind of intimacy and comfort. People live in such an environment, it will well-being, happiness.

Good feng shui house, reflects the modern business, good luck and harmony of life, which is today’s topic that people are generally concerned about. In real life, we pursue perfection, accompanied by expectations of good luck in life. As society competition increasingly fierce and the changing concept of modern life, people career development and family well-being more and more attention, while others are closely related and the common aspiration of good feng shui has become a modern work.

Tips on planning a photo book as a gift

Don’t you just love giving a gift to someone knowing that when they open it they’re going to go WOW!? It’s fun. It’s exhilarating. It’s what gift giving is all about, or should be. Fortunately most gifts are given out of love. And when you’re giving a gift to someone you love you usually find that it’s more of a blessing to give than to receive.

If you’ve been thinking about giving someone a photo book as a present, that’s a great idea. They make excellent gifts, especially if done right. Maybe you already have a plan in mind, but just in case you don’t, you may want to consider the following:

1. Pull together approximately 100 photos that you have reason to believe would be of real interest to the gift recipient. Maybe they’re in many of them, or their children are. Maybe they’re of a vacation they really enjoyed. 2. If you don’t have the photos yet, plan an event that would provide a great opportunity to take a lot of pictures, such as a day at the zoo, or a vacation. 3. Once you have about 100 photos to pick from, choose the best ones (40-50), and arrange them in an order that tells the story of that day or vacation. 4. Come up with a good title for your photo book, and decide what pictures you want to add captions to.

With the 40-50 best photos loaded into your computer, and the title and captions that you want to include all written out and at hand, you’re ready to put it together. It’s simple. It’s a lot of fun. And you’ll be blown away when you see the final product. Even better news, so will the person you give the photo book to.

All you have to do is go online to modern greetings sites, and follow their easy to use exclusive 3-step interface.

1. Pick A Design- Browse their unique designs until you see the perfect photo book for you. Transfer your photos into the pre-made templates in the order you want.

2. Personalize- Change the text to fit your needs by giving your book a title and adding captions wherever you think it helps to best tell the story behind the photos.

3. Order- They make ordering fast and easy, so a few tweaks until your eyes light up, and click order.

That’s all there is to it. The technology does all the hard part for you (giving it the look and feel of a really classy and professionally done book), but your personal choices and combinations are what dictate the results, and that’s all you.

When you give your customized and personalized photo book to your loved one, you’ll be giving them a fabulous gift that they will cherish for the rest of their lives.