Basic Graphic Design Elements That You Need to Learn
The composition of graphic design looks simple at first glance but in reality, it needs a level of expertise. Designs are usually made attractive when certain elements are used and this is something that most graphic designers know. There are certain elements used by graphic designers to make their work attractive and they are briefly highlighted below.
The first important element in graphic design is color and it comes in different hues, shades and color composition. Combining of colors by professional graphic designers is done with the help of a color wheel invented by Sir Isaac Newton. if you are looking to blend colors then consider colors that are next to each other in the color wheel are ideal while opposite colors help give a more bold effect.
Lines are another important element in graphic design and help to provide structure and blueprint to the work. Since lines divide elements in a page, they provide energy that can evoke emotions. When lines are used in several layers they can also have a layered effect.
It is also not uncommon to see shapes in graphic designs and they can either be geometric shapes or organic shapes. Organic shapes are mostly wiggly and uneven and they are mostly used to make undefined objects unbound using the rules of uniformity. With geometric shapes however, uniform promotions are created with geometric shapes.
You can easily create contrast by comparing elements side by side to help create comparison. Without contrast, everything would look the same and that is why this element removes boredom and gives clarity to the designs. The viewer is able to appreciate compositions when contrast is used.
Equally important while considering elements in a graphic design is scale which is basically the relationship between elements in a composition. It is easy to help a viewer be attracted to a certain focal point by using scale. The artist can draw the attention of the viewer to specific places when they use scale appropriately.
Space is another element in graphic designs since it determines how elements are grouped. Without space, the composition can easily confuse the viewer as they try to figure out what it is. Using space is important since it helps to balance the designs making them look uniform.
Alignment is another important element for graphic designers and it basically is an imaginary axis that connects design elements. alignment helps you get balance with your visual representation especially when texts are used. If you are looking to have a sophisticated layering effect then you can have more than one alignment.